Genres

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_writing_genres

Common genres: fiction

Subsets of genres, known as common genres (or sub-genres), have developed from the types of genres in written expression.

  • Classic – fiction that has become part of an accepted literary canon, widely taught in schools
  • Crime/detective – fiction about a crime, how the criminal gets caught and serve time, and the repercussions of the crime
  • Epic
  • Fable – legendary, supernatural tale demonstrating a useful truth
  • Fairy tale – story about fairies or other magical creatures
  • Fantasy – fiction in an unreal setting that often includes magic, magical creatures, or the supernatural
  • Folktale – the songs, stories, myths, and proverbs of a people or “folk” as handed down by word of mouth
  • Gothic fiction or Gothic Romanticism, a literary genre
  • Historical fiction – story with fictional characters and events in a historical setting
  • Horror – fiction in which events evoke a feeling of dread and sometimes fear in both the characters and the reader
  • Humor – usually a fiction full of fun, fancy, and excitement, meant to entertain and sometimes cause intended laughter; but can be contained in all genres
  • Legend – story, sometimes of a national or folk hero, that has a basis in fact but also includes imaginative material
  • Magical realism – story where magical or unreal elements play a natural part in an otherwise realistic environment
  • Meta fiction (also known as romantic irony in the context of Romantic works of literature) – uses self-reference to draw attention to itself as a work of art while exposing the “truth” of a story
  • Mystery – fiction dealing with the solution of a crime or the revealing of secrets
  • Mythology – legend or traditional narrative, often based in part on historical events, that reveals human behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often pertaining to the actions of the gods
  • Mythopoeia – fiction in which characters from religious mythology, traditional myths, folklore and/or history are recast into a re-imagined realm created by the author
  • Realistic fiction – story that is true to life
  • Romance  – genre which place their primary focus on the relationship and romantic love between two people, which usually has an “emotionally satisfying and optimistic ending”.
  • Satire usually fiction and less frequently in non-fiction, in which vices, follies, abuses and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.[1]
  • Science fiction – story based on the impact of actual, imagined, or potential science, often set in the future or on other planets
  • Short story – fiction of great brevity, usually supports no subplots.
  • Spy fiction – fiction involving espionage and establishment of modern intelligence agencies.
  • Superhero fiction – fiction involving costumed crime fighters known as superheroes who often possess superhuman powers and battle with similarly powered criminals known as supervillains.
  • Swashbuckler – story based on a time of swordsmen, pirates and ships, and other related ideas, usually full of action
  • Tall tale – humorous story with blatant exaggerations, such as swaggering heroes who do the impossible with nonchalance
  • Theological fiction – explores the theological ideas which shape attitudes towards religious expression.
  • Suspense/thriller – fiction about harm about to befall a person or group and the attempts made to evade the harm
  • Travel
  • Western  – fiction set in the American Old West frontier and typically in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century.

Common genres: nonfiction

  • Biography  – a narrative of a person’s life; when the author is also the main subject, this is an autobiography or memoir
  • Essay  – a short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook or point
  • Journalism – reporting on news and current events
  • Memoir  – factual story that focuses on a significant relationship between the writer and a person, place, or object; reads like a short novel
  • Narrative nonfiction/personal narrative  – factual information about a significant event presented in a format that tells a story
  • Reference book  – such as a dictionary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, almanac, or atlas
  • Self-help book  – information with the intention of instructing readers on solving personal problems
  • Speech  – public address or discourse
  • Textbook  – authoritative and detailed factual description of a thing

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